Chemical Information Exchange in Organized Protocells and Natural Cell Assemblies with Controllable Spatial Positions

Wang, X., Tian, L., Ren, Y., Zhao, Z., Du, H., Zhang, Z., Drinkwater, B.W., Mann, S. and Han, X. (2020). Chemical Information Exchange in Organized Protocells and Natural Cell Assemblies with Controllable Spatial Positions. Small, 1906394,

https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201906394

Abstract

An ultrasound‐based platform is established to prepare homogenous arrays of giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) or red blood cell (RBCs), or hybrid assemblies of GUV/RBCs. Due to different responses to the modulation of the acoustic standing wave pressure field between the GUVs and RBCs, various types of protocell/natural cell hybrid assemblies are prepared with the ability to undergo reversible dynamic reconfigurations from vertical to horizontal alignments, or from 1D to 2D arrangements. A two‐step enzymatic cascade reaction between transmitter glucose oxidase‐containing GUVs and peroxidase‐active receiver RBCs is used to implement chemical signal transduction in the different hybrid micro‐arrays. Taken together, the obtained results suggest that the ultrasound‐based micro‐array technology can be used as an alternative platform to explore chemical communication pathways between protocells and natural cells, providing new opportunities for bottom‐up synthetic biology.

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