Drinkwater, B.W., and Caleap, M., (2016), Three-dimensional ultrasonic colloidal crystals,
Comptes Rendus Physique, 17 (5), 501–511, doi:10.1016/j.crhy.2016.02.007
Colloidal assembly represents a powerful method for the fabrication of functional materials. In this article, we describe how acoustic radiation forces can guide the assembly of colloidal particles into structures that serve as microscopic elements in novel acoustic metadevices or act as phononic crystals. Using a simple three-dimensional orthogonal system, we show that a diversity of colloidal structures with orthorhombic symmetry can be assembled with megahertz-frequency (MHz) standing pressure waves. These structures allow rapid tuning of acoustic properties and provide a new platform for dynamic metamaterial applications.